Question 22: What is the sinfulness of that condition into which all mankind has fallen?

Question 22: What is the sinfulness of that condition into which all mankind has fallen?

Answer: The sinfulness of the condition into which all mankind fell is the guilt of Adam’s first sin, the lack of original righteousness, and the corruption of our whole nature (which is commonly called original sin), together with all actual transgressions which come from this nature.

Scripture: Romans 5:19; 3:10; Ephesians 2:1; Isaiah 53:6; Psalm 51:5; Matthew 15:19.

Comment:  The Bible says that “in Adam all die” (1 Cor. 15:22) and that “one transgression yields condemnation for all men” (Rom 5:18) and that “one man’s disobedience made many sinners” (Rom. 5:19).  These statements lead us to conclude that God, in a way beyond our comprehension, established a unity between Adam and his posterity which makes it just for us to receive the imputation of his guild and corruption.  He was in some sense our representative head.  We sinned in him and fell with him.

Source: A Baptist Catechism (Adapted by John Piper)

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